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The length of training/treatment will vary with each individual, depending on: the form of neurofeedback used, the client's age, severity of symptom(s) and other factors such as motivation.
Typically at Sterlingworth we find that, after 6 to 8 sessions or less, there are noticeable improvements in the symptoms being addressed. We have found this to be especially true with the LORETA neurofeedback. However, for long-lasting change, training may require 20 to 40 sessions or more.
Neurofeedback involves principles of operant conditioning, which is a form of learning via association of behavior with reward. It enables people to self-regulate their brain waves. This learning occurs by using personalized training based on observation of the client and/or the practitioner/therapist. We notice abnormalities of an individual’s brain function, known to be related to a specific behavior ( e.g., poor concentration) or set of behaviors (e.g., impaired executive functions), and then address, through talk therapy, those discovered abnormalities.
The client receives reward in the form of feedback when the activity in or among abnormally functioning brain regions becomes more regulated.
In most cases, the result of this process is improved day-to-day functioning which persists even after training is finished. Neurofeedback involves real-time recordings of brainwaves. This permits both the person being recorded and any therapist/practitioner who may be present, to be aware instantly of different aspects of brain electrical activity and of changes in said activity.